The latest detection technology to cope with globa

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The latest detection technology to deal with global warming

the Intergovernmental Panel on climate change (IPC considers the use of the environment and possible synergies C) reported in its 2007 situation report that the rate of global warming has significantly accelerated, the global temperature and water temperature rise trend is very obvious, the glaciers and ice layers in the north and South have been melting, and the sea level has been rising. As for the causes of climate change, the consensus is that greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are the main factor of atmospheric warming

the sun is constantly sending energy to the earth. According to the energy balance, the earth must also send the same energy to space. However, because the temperature of the earth is much lower than that of the sun, the energy wavelength of its external radiation is longer than that of the sun, especially in the infrared band. The earth's atmosphere insulates most of the heat energy and reflects it to the earth's surface. This phenomenon is called the greenhouse effect; In addition, human activities, especially the consumption of fossil fuel oil and a large number of forest resources, have greatly increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. As a result, the earth absorbs more and more solar energy, which strengthens the greenhouse effect and keeps the global climate warming

the phenomenon of global warming has been very serious, and the exploration of corresponding solutions requires the joint efforts and cooperation of engineers and scientists all over the world. The final results of the exploration need to rely on a large number of reliable data provided by thousands of testing instruments around the world, which have not been published before

people have long recognized that climate change is crucial to the survival of every organism on the earth, so they have long worked hard to develop and find measures and technical methods to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Kyoto Protocol signed in 1997 formulated a plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: by 2012, the global greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced to the 1990 level. The greenhouse gases specified in the Kyoto Protocol and confirmed by the atmospheric environment committee are CO2, N2O, CH4 and SF6 (Figure 1)

accurately tracking and monitoring the actual emissions of greenhouse gases is the core of the Kyoto protocol. If the actual emissions of greenhouse gases cannot be measured directly, using dynamic power consumption instead of measurement and calculation is also a very effective method. In either case, the availability and reliability of measured data become more and more important with the implementation of more and more systems and economic impact

as the government and industry are trying to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the scientific community is also making continuous efforts to more fully understand and model the world climate, carbon exchange mechanism, ecological interaction and the impact of global warming. Complex systems like these require very sophisticated models and simulations, a large number of supercomputer resources, and benchmark data as accurate as possible. For example, researchers from the embedded network sensing center (cENS) are using the Ni compactrio hardware platform to study the dynamic exchange process of carbon in various ecosystems (Figure 2). One of the characteristics of CO2 is that it can enhance the greenhouse effect because it can absorb light in the infrared (IR) region. This characteristic can be used in spectral sensors including infrared light sources, optical filters and infrared detectors. Adjust the filter to the infrared wavelength absorbed by CO2, and the output of the infrared detector is proportional to the CO2 concentration. Researchers can easily connect the analog output of this sensor to the voltage input or 4~20 ma current input of data acquisition systems such as compactrio

in terms of sensor use, more and more people use environmental protection technology sensors to replace traditional industrial sensor products, such as CO2 detectors with SDI-12 series interfaces. In addition, many environmental sensors such as CO2 detectors have SDI-12 serial data interface, which can be used to connect the sensor to compactrio through a simple adapter. By combining the data of CO2 concentration with the measurement results of gas flow rate, researchers can calculate the actual CO2 flow between and above the forest canopy. Other compactrio systems measure CO2 concentration and humidity at multiple locations below the soil surface in order to find the source of CO2. The packet of compactrio system uses wireless network, so it can collect and record data from multiple sampling points at the same time, extract features of the area being studied, and periodically transmit the data to the central database through wireless characteristic nodes or WLAN network

compacterio global environmental atmosphere monitoring system is developed as a prototype system for the National Ecological Observatory Network neon of the United States; This is a research project across the American continent, and it is also a research and development project funded by the NSF National Science Foundation of the United States. The monitoring station of national ecological observation uses instruments and equipment to detect the exchange of CO2, and provides the exchange of CO2 and other gases between forests, soils, and the atmosphere, as well as the physical, chemical, and microbial characteristics of plants, soils, and water bodies. The data will be transmitted to the central processing center, and the utilization ratio of degradable green packaging materials in the scientific express industry in other parts of the world will be increased to 50% for sharing. At present, the comactrio monitoring system has been used in the La selva biological Observatory in the rainforest of Costa Rica. It forms a multi-user ecological data center there: scientists can connect the C-drive high-precision ompactrio with sensors to form an experimental system for scientific research and experiments in tropical rain forests. In addition, compacterio system will also be used in James San Jacinto Mountain Nature Reserve and stunt ranch Santa Monica Mountain Nature Reserve to ensure the overall stability of billet prices nationwide on the 3rd. (end)

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